Different types of hearing loss
The type of hearing loss that you suffer from mostly depends on which part of the hearing system is affected.
Conductive hearing loss is caused by factors that affect how well sound is conducted through the outer or middle ear. It reduces sound levels but does not distort them and people may sound as if they are mumbling.
Sensory-neural hearing loss occurs in the inner ear and generally affects how well we can hear higher frequencies, making it harder to hear consonant sounds like ‘t’ and ‘p’. Sound intensity is also reduced and sounds can become distorted. The most common cause is natural wear and tear on the sensitive cochlea and it usually affects older people.
The cause of hearing loss is often simply too much noise over too long a time. Noise at home, at work, traffic, trains and planes can all impact how well you hear. For this reason hearing loss is increasingly affecting younger people.